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Marilyn Monroe's Funeral (1962)
Background[ edit ] Monroe performing at President John F. Kennedy 's birthday celebration at Madison Square Garden in May , less than three months before her death. Monroe in one of her last photo shoots, taken by George Barris for Cosmopolitan in July For several years heading into the early s, Monroe had been dependent on amphetamines , barbiturates and alcohol, and she experienced various mental health problems that included depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, and chronic insomnia. By , this behavior was adversely affecting her career. For example, although she was author Truman Capote 's preferred choice to play Holly Golightly in the film adaptation of Breakfast at Tiffany's , Paramount Pictures declined to cast her due to fear that she would complicate the film's production. She underwent surgery for her endometriosis and a cholecystectomy , and spent four weeks in hospital care — including a brief stint in a mental ward — for depression. Kennedy 's birthday celebration at Madison Square Garden in New York ten days before his actual birthday. Ralph Greenson arrived at the house to conduct a therapy session and asked Newcomb to leave. She told him to "Say goodbye to Pat , say goodbye to the president Lawford's brother-in-law , and say goodbye to yourself, because you're a nice guy", before drifting off. Greenson, and later called Monroe's lawyer, Milton A. He entered the room by breaking a window and found Monroe dead. Hyman Engelberg, who arrived at the house at around 3: The Los Angeles County coroner's office was assisted in the inquest by psychiatrists Dr. Robert Litman, and Dr. Norman Tabachnik from the Los Angeles Suicide Prevention Center, who interviewed Monroe's doctors and psychiatrists on her mental state. Litman stated that this was not unusual, because statistics show that less than 40 percent of suicide victims leave notes. Miss Monroe had suffered from psychiatric disturbance for a long time. She experienced severe fears and frequent depressions. Mood changes were abrupt and unpredictable. Among symptoms of disorganization, sleep disturbance was prominent, for which she had been taking sedative drugs for many years. She was thus familiar with and experienced in the use of sedative drugs and well aware of their dangers. On more than one occasion in the past, she had made a suicide attempt, using sedative drugs. On these occasions, she had called for help and had been rescued. It is our opinion that the same pattern was repeated on the evening of Aug. It has been our practice with similar information collected in other cases in the past to recommend a certification for such deaths as probable suicide. Additional clews for suicide provided by the physical evidence are the high level of barbiturates and chloral hydrate in the blood which, with other evidence from the autopsy, indicates the probable ingestion of a large amount of drugs within a short period of time: Tomich, an investigator for the district attorney's office, for over three months on an inquiry that resulted in a thirty-page report. New York Daily Mirror front page, August 9, Monroe's unexpected death was front-page news in the United States and Europe. Kris had bequeathed her Monroe rights, in an attempt to gain full rights to Monroe's estate. Poems, Intimate Notes, Letters. Capell, Jack Clemmons[ edit ] During the s, there were no widespread conspiracy theories about Monroe's death. Capell 's self-published pamphlet The Strange Death of Marilyn Monroe , in which he claimed that her death was part of a communist conspiracy. He claimed that Monroe and U. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy had an affair, which she took too seriously and was threatening to cause a scandal; Kennedy therefore ordered her to be assassinated to protect his career. Kennedy and President John F. Kennedy at the latter's birthday celebration in , 10 days before his actual birthday. Capell's credibility has been seriously questioned because his only source was columnist Walter Winchell , who in turn had received much of his information from him; Capell, therefore, was citing himself. Capell dedicated his life to revealing an "International Communist Conspiracy" and Clemmons was a member of The Police and Fire Research Organization FiPo , which sought to expose "subversive activities which threaten our American way of life". Kennedy is likely to have come from them. Norman Mailer, Robert Slatzer, Anthony Scaduto[ edit ] The allegations of murder first became part of mainstream discussion with the publication of Norman Mailer 's Marilyn: A Biography in Kennedy had an affair and speculated that she was killed by either the FBI or CIA , who wished to use the murder as a "point of pressure Kennedy, Slatzer also controversially claimed to have been married to Monroe in Mexico for three days in October , and that they had remained close friends until her death. His only sources were Slatzer and his private investigator, Milo Speriglio. Spindel's apartment had been raided by the Manhattan District Attorney 's office in , during which his tapes were seized. The Secret Lives of Marilyn Monroe is one of the most commercially successful Monroe biographies. His investigation on Monroe began as an assignment for the British tabloid the Sunday Express to cover the Los Angeles District Attorney's review. Kennedy ended their affair, she threatened to reveal their association, which Kennedy and Peter Lawford attempted to prevent by enabling her addictions. Brown and Barham, Donald H. Wolfe, Donald Spoto[ edit ] In the s, two new books alleged again that Monroe was murdered: Peter Brown and Patte Barham's Marilyn: The Last Take and Donald H. Neither presented much new evidence but relied extensively on Capell and Summers as well as on disputed witnesses such as Grandison, Slatzer, Clemmons, and Carmen; Wolfe also did not provide any sources for many of his claims, and disregarded many of the findings of the autopsy without explanation. She took several Nembutals on August 4, but did not tell this to Greenson, who prescribed her a chloral hydrate enema; the combination of these two drugs killed her. Jacobs 's wife that he had been alerted of the death already at Miner had alleged that her autopsy revealed signs more consistent with an enema than oral ingestion. John Miner, Matthew Smith[ edit ] John Miner's allegations that Monroe's death was not a suicide received more publicity in the s, when he published transcripts that he claimed to have made from audiotapes that Monroe recorded shortly before her death. Greenson, who invited him to listen to them after her death. On the tapes, Monroe spoke of her plans for the future, which Miner argues is proof that she could not have killed herself. During the official review of the case by the district attorney in , he told the investigators about the tapes, but did not mention that he had transcripts of them. Greenson was already dead before Miner went public with them. The Secret Tapes of Marilyn Monroe Kennedy, as the agency wanted revenge for the Kennedys' handling of the Bay of Pigs Invasion. Monroe was placed on a ward meant for severely mentally ill people with psychosis , where she was locked in a padded cell and was not allowed to move to a more suitable ward or to leave the hospital.
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