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These were all silent films. Hiralal Sen is also credited as one of the pioneers of advertisement films in India. The first Bengali-language movie was the silent feature Billwamangal , produced by the Madan Theatre Company of Calcutta and released on 8 November , only six years after the first full-length Indian feature film, Raja Harish Chandra , was released. The movies were originally made in Urdu or Persian to accommodate a specific elite market. One of the earliest known studios was the East India Film Company. The first Bengali film to be made as a talkie was Jamai Shashthi , released in At this time the early heroes of the Bengali film industry like Pramathesh Barua and Debaki Bose were at the peak of their popularity. Barua also directed movies, exploring new dimension in Indian cinema. Debaki Bose directed Chandidas in ; this film is noted for its breakthrough in recording sound. Sound recordist Mukul Bose found a solution to the problem of spacing out dialogue and frequency modulation. Rise of the talkie: Sisir Bhaduri , Sisir Bhaduri , Amalendu Lahiri. The contribution of Bengali film industry to Indian film is quite significant. The industry was based in Tollygunge , an area of South Kolkata, West Bengal that is more elite and artistically inclined than the usual musical cinema fare in India. Other prominent film makers in the Bengali film industry at the time included Satyajit Ray and Ritwik Ghatak. In particular, The Apu Trilogy is frequently listed among the greatest films of all time. Kumar and Sen were known as "The Eternal Pair" in the late s. Soumitra Chatterjee is a notable actor, having acted in several Satyajit Ray films, and considered as a rival to Uttam Kumar in the s. Aparna Sen was one of the most successful actresses of the Golden Era. She became the leading heroine of the s and since she has been directing films. One of the most well known Bengali actresses was Sharmila Tagore , who debuted in Ray's The World of Apu, and became a major actress in Bengali cinema as well as Bollywood. Despite Suchitra Sen being the greatest actress, Sharmila was the most commercial successful actress in history with films like The World of Apu , Devi , Nayak , Simabaddha and Aranyer Dinratri Utpal Dutt is internationally known for his acting in movies and plays, especially Shakespearean plays. Bhanu Bandopadhyay , Rabi Ghosh and Anup Kumar were best known for their comic timing and with their versatile acting talent they stunned the audience and critics. Dey , all associated with New Theatres Calcutta. Rituparno made his first film Hirer Angti in and dominated Bengali cinema until his death in , winning numerous national awards for films like Unishe April, Dahan and Utsab. Aparna Sen made her directorial debut in with the internationally lauded 36 Chowringhee Lane, which looked at the lives of Anglo-Indians living in Calcutta. Her later films have also been celebrated: In recent years, a younger generation of Bengali directors have come to the fore. Many work in the domestic film industry, but others have gone on to Bollywood where they have met with notable success. In turn, they have also turned the cinematic spotlight on Kolkata, acquainting the city with a much wider national and global audience Kahaani, Piku, Detective Byomkesh Bakshy. Budgets[ edit ] Bengali movies are released every year and are produced with a budget of Rs. Home Entertainment, Shree Venkatesh Films released some high budgeted movies like Amazon Obhijaan with budget of 20 crore and was also successfull in Box office by earning about 50 crore in Box office making it highest earning movie in history of Bengali movie ever , apart from Amazon Obhijaan other costly movies were Chander Pahar made in the budget of Rs 15 crore and Yoddha the Warrior with Rs 15 crore were some costly movies. Many of the most critically acclaimed Bengali films were low-budget films , including Satyajit Ray's famous The Apu Trilogy — The first film in the trilogy, Pather Panchali , was produced on a shoestring budget  of Rs. At a time when Bollywood continues its roller-coaster ride, there are cheers in the Bengali film industry with several commercial successes. The dark period of the s when Bengali tinsel town was on a steep decline seems like a nightmare that's best forgotten. And, with the money pouring in, producers from other States are now knocking on the doors of Bengali directors. Industry sources say that the best proof of the comeback is seen in the increasing number of cinema houses showing Bengali films. Even a few years ago, of the movie theaters in the State, no more than were showing just Bengali films. The remaining had spread their risk showing a mix of either Hindi and English or Hindi and Bengali films. Bombaiyer Bombete , produced by Ramoji Films at a cost of Rs 8 million, recovered its costs within three weeks and earned 20 million in all. The movie has brought back the concept of family entertainment with Sandip Ray's gambit of contemporising the plot paying him rich dividend. Admitting that he did not expect this success, he told Life that he was now lining up another such film for release next year. Haranath Chakraborty His film Sathi Companion created a record by recouping over five times its production cost, although the film Chokher Bali , with big names like Aishwariya Rai , Rituparno Ghosh and Tagore, failed to yield expected results. The movie, billed at Rs But there are films like 'Kaler rakhal' by Sekhar Das which created huge controversy for its strong political comments on contemporary Bengal, despite its formal brilliance too, was not successful in the box office as the film was unceremoniously withdrawn from the theaters. Loose and unorganized production activities, dominated and dictated by providers of capital led to proliferation of sub-standard films, which were most often commercial failures. The recent successes have come through some concerted effort by Parallel Cinema which has tapped the domestic market, even while scouting the overseas ones, hitting the festival circuit somewhere in between. As such, celluloid creations of award-winning directors like Gautam Ghosh , Rituparno Ghosh and Aparna Sen started bringing money for their producers. However, at around the same time, movies in the commercial circuit directors like to call them mainstream cinema also started doing well, supported strongly by the response from the semi-urban areas. The big Bollywood banners such as Mukta Arts and Rajshri films are now showing interest in funding Bengali films. Hollywood houses like Columbia TriStar have made their debut in distributing Bengali movies. According to industry experts, several issues need to be addressed to build on this resurgence and consolidate it. These include inadequate infrastructure, which often compels moviemakers to go outside the State for facilities pushing up costs, poor marketing and distribution and increasing competition from Bangladeshi films. Satyajit Ray "In recognition of his rare mastery of the art of motion pictures, and of his profound humanitarian outlook, which has had an indelible influence on filmmakers and audiences throughout the world. It is one of several awards presented for feature films and awarded with Rajat Kamal Silver Lotus. The National Film Awards , established in , are the most prominent film awards in India that merit the best of the Indian cinema. The ceremony also presents awards for films in various regional languages. Regional Awards[ edit ] Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards -The oldest Association of Film critics in India, founded in , by the inspiration and determination of the handful of pioneers amongst the then thin section of scribes that were drawn to film journalism with a lofty mission to serve the developing film journalism and film industry. Anandalok Awards -Ceremony is one of the most prominent film events given for Bengali cinema in India Kalakar Awards -Ceremony is recognized as one of the topmost awards ceremonies of eastern region of India. Zee Bangla would be honoring the rich culture and tradition of the land and felicitating the evergreen personalities from the field of theatre, film, music and our own television shows.
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